Spring 2023, No. 1, Vol. 5 /
Romanian Cyber Security Journal
Cyber infrastructure and the outer space technologies and systems are profoundly reliant one onto another. Thus, any malfunction in one of these complex interrelated infrastructures, be it intentional or not, would induce errors in the other. Furthermore, space infrastructure only has ground-based, space-based, downlinks and uplinks components, thus complexifying even more the issue of security. Threats to space-based infrastructure can come in many forms, including denial-of-service attacks, malware infections, and unauthorized access to systems. When discussing cyber-attacks targeting satellite networks and space-based systems, it may emerge disruptions and severe consequences on communication, navigation, and other essential services.
Cyber security in outer space is a complex and evolving field that requires careful attention and planning. Vulnerabilities can create weaknesses that attackers can exploit, and effects such as disruption or destruction of critical services can have serious consequences. To mitigate the risk of cyber-attacks, organizations can take a variety of measures, such as implementing security best practices, conducting regular security assessments and testing, and developing response plans for cyber incidents. Consequently, the article looks at cyber threats to space-based infrastructures, reviews some incidents and proposes some recommendations for approaching the cyber security of space technologies and services. Ensuring the security and resilience of space-based infrastructure is critical for maintaining the integrity and reliability of modern cyber infrastructure.
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